Create automatic backups to a USB stick on (Ubuntu) Linux server.

Run the following commands with root privileges. First, find all mount points to see whether your USB stick has already been mounted.
df -h
If not, then check where your drive is located:
sudo lsblk -m
sudo lsblk -f
If your stick is not mounted, we need to proceed to mount it ourselves. Make a mountpoint and mount the USB drive, where xx is the drive in question.
sudo mkdir /mnt/sdxx
sudo mount /dev/sdxx /mnt/sdxx
Create backup script. In this case, we are going to backup all mysql databases to a USB stick.
touch /usr/local/sbin/mysqlbackup.sh cd /usr/local/sbin/ chmod 755 mysqlbackup.sh nano mysqlbackup.sh
Paste the following code. Don't forget to edit the username, password for your mysql database and the USB drive mount point. For more detailed info about the script, visit: tinyurl.com/y8y3jqnr
#!/bin/bash # --- Change this MYSQL_USER="root" MYSQL_PASSWORD="password" BACKUPDIRECTORY="/mnt/sdxx" # --- No need to change below this line. DATE=$(date +"%Y%m%d") MYSQL=/usr/bin/mysql MYSQLDUMP=/usr/bin/mysqldump SKIPDB="Database|information_schema|performance_schema|mysql" RETENTION=14 mkdir -p $BACKUPDIRECTORY/$DATE databases=`$MYSQL -u$MYSQL_USER -p$MYSQL_PASSWORD -e "SHOW DATABASES;" | grep -Ev "($SKIPDB)"` for db in $databases; do echo $db $MYSQLDUMP --force --opt --user=$MYSQL_USER -p$MYSQL_PASSWORD --skip-lock-tables --events --databases $db | gzip > "$BACKUPDIRECTORY/$DATE/$db.sql.gz" done find $BACKUPDIRECTORY/* -mtime +$RETENTION -delete
Create a crontab.
nano /etc/crontab
Add this new crontab to it:
11 1 * * * root /usr/local/sbin/mysqlbackup.sh
It will run every night at 1:11 AM. Restart cron:
service cron restart
To test the script manually, do this and check your USB stick for any sign (hopefully it has a blinking LED):
cd /usr/local/sbin/
Done. Enjoy your automatic backups!